For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: 
“And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. 
“For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. (Hebrews 8:10-12 KJV) 

Prior to the coming of Christ, God’s people (Israel) had lived by a covenant which was given to them by Moses and Angels at their request. Kindly note that this Covenant I am referring to here is the Law, also known as the Old Testament.It was given them by Moses, hence we call it the Law of Moses or the Mosaic Laws.
Several portions of the scriptures in the New Testament explains to us that this Law has Moses and Angels as the source, even though they were allowed by God to make the covenant with Isreal on His behalf. See some of those scriptures below.

Joh 1:17  For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. 
Act 7:38  This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sina, and with our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us.
Act 7:53  Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it. 
Gal 3:19  Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
Heb 2:2  For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward

Was the Law or the Old Covenant evil? No, it wasn’t. It was good but had two major challenges with it. Challenges that made God Himself to reject it.
What are these challenges?
First is that the Old Covenant found fault with the people. It was always pointing out who missed it and where he missed it. Who sinned, and how he sinned. The worst part is, it kept on finding fault with the people until EVERYONE who lived by it or not, was condemned to sin and became a sinner. Everyone!

Heb 8:7  For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. 
Heb 8:8  For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah

The above scripture said the Old Covenant was not Faultless because it found fault with the people of God. It pointed out their wrongdoings, repeatedly, until it concluded everyone of them a sinner. In their own eyes and before God.

Gal 3:21  Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. 
Gal 3:22  But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. 

The second challenge with the Law is that it not only condemned men to sin, it also couldn’t make them righteous. It couldn’t free them from sin. It couldn’t make men perfect, no matter how much they tried to keep it.

Heb 7:19  For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God. 

All their efforts at being right or perfect before God based on their works or obedience to the Law, yielded nothing. It was seen like a filthy rag by God.

Isa 64:6  But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away. 

These two major weaknesses with the Law or the Old Covenant, made God discard it. God through His prophet, Jeremiah, promised the people a better covenant. In which He will be the one that makes men righteous and He will also be the decider of Who is a righteous man.
That is, He will be the Just (Judge) and Justifier of men. Not the law anymore.

Jer 31:31  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 
Jer 31:32  Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: 
Jer 31:33  But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 
Jer 31:34  And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. 

That was the prophecy and promise the writer of Hebrews quoted in Hebrews 8 to enlighten the Israelites that God has set forth a propitiation from sin for them, and has become the justifier of all who will come to Him by Faith in Christ Jesus.
So, all who believes in Jesus RECEIVES righteousness from God as a Gift. Not by their efforts or works. It is a gift received by faith (believing in Jesus as the Saviour from sin). That gift of righteousness, qualifies men who were once called sinners to be called righteous men and the righteousness of God in Christ Jesus. It doesn’t come by obedience to the law or old covenant.

Rom 3:20  Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. 
Rom 3:21  But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; 
Rom 3:22  Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: 
Rom 3:23  For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; 
Rom 3:24  Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: 
Rom 3:25  Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; 
Rom 3:26  To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus
2Co 5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. 

That is the blessedness of the New Covenant we have received of God Himself in Christ. It has made us righteous, holy, empowered, free from condemnation and sin. It has created in us the ability to live righteously in our conducts and behaviours. Not so that we won’t miss Heaven, displease God and get thrown into Hell. No, that ability helps us live Holy lives so that the world will see Jesus, the true nature of God, in our lifestyle and conducts.
Under the Old Covenant or Law, man had to do, do and do in order to please God. But under the New Covenant, God Himself did EVERYTHING for us in Christ because He is PLEASED IN US and WITH US.
That is the glory of the New Covenant we have received in Jesus. That is the Blessedness of the New Covenant. In it, God is the doer, the justifier, the one working in us, both to will and to do His good pleasure.
In the New Covenant, ALL OUR SINS ARE FORGIVEN and will by no means be remembered against us forever and ever! That is what the Bible teaches!

Heb 8:12  For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. 

I hope this blesses you! Lift your hands and give God praise.

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